The high incidence of “sty” in summer, the focus is on prevention

After Lixia, the weather gets hotter, and some people’s eyelid glands will have local acute inflammation due to bacterial infection, that is, meibinitis. The former name of hordeolitis is what most of us know-stye. Stye is mostly caused by weakened resistance, malnutrition, or other eye diseases. Clinically, styes are usually divided into two types: outer sty and inner sty:

External sty: An external sty is an acute purulent inflammation of the sebaceous glands or hair follicles at the roots of the eyelashes of the patient. The onset of the disease is rapid, and its main manifestations are: limited redness and pain at the roots of the eyelashes of the patient. The patient’s eyelids may also have local edema and congestion, as well as swelling and tenderness. Induration may appear near the edge of the eyelids, and yellow pustules may form on the roots of the eyelashes. These pustules can ulcerate and drain pus on their own.

Inner sty: Inner sty is an acute purulent inflammation of the eyelid meibomian glands of the patient, and its symptoms are similar to those of the outer sty, but because the eyelid meibomian glands grow in dense tissue, patients with this disease will feel very painful. Inner sty often pierces the conjunctival surface and drains pus. If the pathogenic bacteria are highly toxic, the inflammation can spread to the entire meibomian tissue to form an eyelid abscess.

Stye should be distinguished from chalazion. The scientific name of chalazion is “Meibomian cyst”. It is a chronic inflammatory granuloma of the meibomian gland caused by obstruction of the meibomian gland outlet and retention of secretions. It can be affected by both children and adults. This disease is more likely to occur in childhood due to the strong function of the meibomian glands.

Treatment of sty needs attention
In the acute stage of the sty, hot compresses should be applied to the affected part, and hot compresses can be applied 2 to 3 times a day for 15 minutes each time (do not squeeze the sty, so as not to spread the inflammation and cause orbital cellulitis or sepsis). It should be noted that some people have not paid much attention to the stye, thinking that as long as the pus head is picked out and let it pus itself, it will be better. It should be reminded that when a pus head appears after a sty matures, do not squeeze it with your hands or pick the pus head with a needle, because the blood vessels on the face are very rich and communicate upward with each other, and the blood vessels in the eyes are connected with the blood vessels in the skull. In addition, the veins of the face have no valves and cannot prevent blood reflux. Therefore, if you squeeze or pick a stye with a needle, it is easy to squeeze the pus axillary containing a lot of bacteria into the blood and flow into the skull, causing meningitis, brain abscess and Sepsis, etc., severe cases can be life-threatening. Medically, the eyelid and the triangle on the lip above the wing of the nose were originally called the “dangerous triangle.” Therefore, although the sty is a scabies of the eye, it should not be neglected, and timely medical treatment is the key.

People who are susceptible to sty should pay attention to eye hygiene, increase nutrition, actively treat blepharitis, and correct refractive errors. Eat more eye-healthy foods to ensure enough vitamins and minerals are of great benefit to the eyes. Antioxidant ingredients and vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, B vitamins and zinc can all help relieve eye fatigue. Animal liver, milk and eggs, as well as red-yellow and dark green vegetables and fruits rich in carotene are rich in vitamins.

Tips: Tips for eye protection
Going green: Do more outdoor sports. Going to the suburbs in your free time to go green and look into the distance is a good way to eliminate eye fatigue. Especially for children, flying kites out can extend their sight to high distances, adjust their eye muscles naturally, and help relax.

Go to bed before 11 o’clock in the evening: At 11 o’clock in the evening, the human body begins to circulate blood through the liver and gallbladder meridian. When you fall asleep, let the blood flow back to the liver to detoxify the liver; “the liver yin and feet can nourish the eyes”, eyes Nature can be nourished.

Control eye use time: First, control eye use time for eye protection. After using the eye for about 1 hour, you must rest for 15 minutes. You can lightly cover your eyes with your palms and relax your muscles as much as possible. Then, massage the acupuncture points around the eyes to unblock the qi and blood in the eyes, so as to eliminate tension or spasm of the ciliary muscles.